about the rabbits

The young students had been part of the Polish underground resistance intent on defying the brutal Nazi regime. Captured by the Gestapo, they were sent to Ravensbrück, the concentration camp know as "Hitler's Hell for Women," They were called "the Rabbits" because they were used by the Third Reich as laboratory animals for medical experiments. The Nazis had used their limbs to recreate war wounds and infected those wounds with aggressive bacteria, wood chips, and glass, trying to cause gas gangrene. They also experimented with removing and damaging nerves, muscles, and bones in the legs.  

Not only did the Rabbits work together to keep one another alive after the surgeries, but other inmates in the camp risked their lives daily, secretly bringing them food, water, and even medications to help them survive.

One group was a secret organization that dedicated itself to helping other inmates, regardless of nationality or religion.  Their motto was “Persevere and help others survive!"; their mission was based on the oath that they had taken when they were part of the Girl Guides.  In the United States, they were called the Girl Scouts. They took the same oath our Scouts do today – and lived by it.

The Rabbits themselves, some former scouts, also courageously defied the Nazis, bravely protesting the illegal experiments and finding ingenious ways of smuggling out messages to the outside world about their surgeries and the "selections" in the camp.  These messages eventually made it to the Polish underground radio network in England, which broadcast the news of the experiments and mass murders at Ravensbrück - and warned specific camp leaders of their fate should such activities continue.

But despite all of these heroic efforts, it seemed that there would be no way to save them; the Nazis were determined to eliminate all evidence of war crimes. On February 4, 1945, the crippled young women learned of their death sentence. The SS were coming for the Rabbits in the morning.  Overnight, as the Rabbits stayed up writing good-bye letters, the inmates came up with a plan to grab and hide the Rabbits in the predawn hours, during roll call – and right in front of the SS.  And it worked. 

The Rabbits were successfully hidden that morning – and then kept hidden for nearly three months - until liberation.  And the international group of inmates in Ravensbrück gave them food and water, protected them from the constant SS searches, and devised ways of getting them out of the camp.  Amazingly, not one of the 63 Rabbits was ever betrayed.  As one surviving “Rabbit” put it, “You could say that the entire camp helped us, hid us, protected us.”

 

“Poland immediately defended itself; it was not like we gave up, because we lost the war. There was a resistance movement from the very beginning. I brought guns, money and fliers for my chief- not just me, other girls too. I had my scouting power…The whole team, the team of scouts from school, joined the conspiracy. I made an oath… that I was ready to die for my country.”
— Wanda Połtawska, April 2017.

”It was schoolchildren, scouts before the war, very patriotic, very attached to their homeland and trying very hard to respond to the needs of their home-country - the home-country that was captured and taken away from them by the Germans. Then, after the Gestapo arrived, we were imprisoned and then deported, a large group of us, to the camp at Ravensbrück.

I received the most love and care and help, in the form of food, because I was the youngest. They often gave up their food to give it to me, so that I would survive. That’s what it looked like: those who received [food], shared it with the ones who did not. It was not pity. Because someone could say that we did it out of pity. That’s not true. It was not pity. It was us working together, cooperating, fighting together to survive. Friendship has an amazing value. Believe me.”
— Stanisława Śledziejowska-Osiczko, "Stasia"
 
 
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